"LSOpenURLsWithRole() failed with error -10810 for the file"
this is because you don't have Java installed. The "user docs" actually indicate that Java is required, however, as a male I didn't read them prior to installing because the site says
"install as normal"
Anyway, run something like
from the CLI and aut-magically software update will subsequently be launched. The latest version of Java will then be installed like magic :)
You can then launch Maltego, woot :D